begin

作者:begin 来源:未知 2021-09-03 22:10   阅读:

vt.开始vi.开始【计】开始相关词组:notbegintobeginwith...Tobeginwith...tobegin动词过去式:began过去分词:begun现

vt. 开始
vi. 开始
【计】 开始
相关词组:
not begin to
begin with...
To begin with...
to begin动词过去式:began 过去分词:begun 现在分词:beginning 第三人称单数:begins 
begin, start, commence, initiate, inaugurate
这些动词均含有“开始”之意。
begin: 最常用词,含义广泛,其反义词是end,多用于行动、工作等的开始。
start: 在许多场合可与begin通用,但start侧重动作的起点。
commence: 可与begin换用,但commence系书面正式用词,语气庄重,特指有正式程序或一定仪式,或某种正式行动的“开始”。
initiate: 指创始或发起,侧重某过程的第一步,不考虑结束,强调起始。
inaugurate: 指正式而隆重的开始。

名词 begin:

  1. Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992)
    同义词:Menachem Begin

动词 begin:

  1. take the first step or steps in carrying out an action
    同义词:get down, get, start out, start, set about, set out, commence
  2. have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense
    同义词:start
  3. set in motion, cause to start
    同义词:lead off, start, commence
  4. begin to speak or say he began
  5. be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series
  6. have a beginning, of a temporal event
  7. have a beginning characterized in some specified way
    同义词:start
  8. begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object
    同义词:start
  9. achieve or accomplish in the least degree, usually used in the negative
  10. begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language
  1. She's begun on (ie started writing or reading) a new novel.
    她已开始写(或阅读)一本新小说。
  2. Building began last year.
    建筑工程去年已经开始。
  3. The meeting will begin at nine.
    会议将在九点开始。
  4. When does the concert begin?
    音乐会什麽时候开始?
  5. The English alphabet begins with `A' and ends with `Z'.
    英文字母表以A开始,以Z结束。
  6. I have to begin with an apology.
    我得首先表示歉意。
  7. The new fare will be 1, beginning (from) next month.
    从下月起,新车费为1英镑。
  8. When did you begin learning English?
    你何时开始学习英语的?

be.gin

v.(动词)
be.gan[-g2n.] be.gun[-gôn.] be.gin.ning,be.gins
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To take the first step in performing an action; start.
开始:采取行动的第一步;着手
To come into being:
开始,起源:形成,产生:
例句:
when life began.
当生命开始时

To do or accomplish in the least degree:
起步:完成或达到最低限度:
例句:
Those measures do not even begin to address the problem.
那些措施根本不能触及问题所在

v.tr.(及物动词)
To take the first step in doing; start:
着手开始:采取行动的第一步;着手:
例句:
began work.
开始工作

To cause to come into being; originate.
使形成;产生
To come first in:
起首:第一个出现:
例句:
The numeral begins the sequence.
一是数字的起首


来源:
Middle English biginnen
中古英语 biginnen
from Old English beginnan
源自 古英语 beginnan

<参考词汇><同义词>begin,commence,start,initiate,inaugurateThese verbs are compared as they denote coming or putting into operation, being, or motion or setting about taking the first step, as in a procedure.
当这些动词表示开始行动,开始产生或着手采取行动的第一步时,可以互作比较。
Begin and commence are equivalent in meaning,thoughcommence is more formal:
Begin
began the race;
commence 意思相同,但commence 更为正式:
例句:
开始比赛;

例句:
a play that begins at eight o`clock;
八点钟开演的节目;

例句:
commenced her career as a scientist;
开始她的科研生涯;

例句:
festivities that commenced with the national anthem.
以国歌开始的节日盛会。

Start is often interchangeable withbegin and commence but can also imply setting out from a specific point,frequently following inaction:
Start 经常可以同begincommence 互换, 但也可以暗指从特定一点出发,通常接在静止动作后:
例句:
Stand and visit with me for a few minutes until the train starts.
在火车启动以前站着陪我谈几分钟;

例句:
The telephone started ringing.
电话铃响起来。

Initiate applies to the act of taking the first steps in a process,without reference to what follows:
Initiate 指在一过程中采取的第一步行动,而不考虑之后如何:
例句:
The public hoped the government would initiate restrictions on imported goods.
公众希望政府能对进口货物采取限制。

Inaugurate often connotes a formal beginning:
Inaugurate 经常指正式的开始:
例句:
.The exhibition inaugurated a new era of cultural relations between the Soviet Union and United States. (Serge Schmemann).
.这次展览开创了美苏两国文化关系的新 * 。. (塞格·施密曼)


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